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英语常用固定搭配最全

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英语固定搭配

一、接不定式(而不接动名词)作宾语的24个常用动词

afford to do sth. 负担得起做某事agree to do sth. 同意做某事

arrange to do sth.安排做某事ask to do sth. 要求做某事

beg to do sth. 请求做某事care to do sth. 想要做某事

choose to do sth. 决定做某事decide to do sth. 决定做某事

demand to do sth. 要求做某事determine to do sth. 决心做某事

expect to do sth. 期待做某事fear to do sth. 害怕做某事

help to do sth. 帮助做某事hope to do sth. 希望做某事

learn to do sth. 学习做某事manage to do sth. 设法做某事

offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事plan to do sth. 计划做某事

prepare to do sth. 准备做某事pretend to do sth. 假装做某事

promise to do sth. 答应做某事refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事

want to do sth. 想要做某事wish to do sth. 希望做某事

注:有些不及物动词后习惯上也接不定式,不接动名词:

aim to do sth. 打算做某事fail to do sth. 未能做某事

long to do sth. 渴望做某事happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事hesitate to do sth. 犹豫做某事struggle to do sth. 努力做某事

二、接不定式作宾补的36个常用动词

advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事

ask sb. to do sth.请(叫)某人做某事bear sb. to do sth.忍受某人做某事

beg sb. to do sth. 请求某人做某事cause sb. to do sth. 导致某人做某事

command sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事drive sb. to do sth .驱使某人做某事

elect sb. to do sth. 选举某人做某事encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事

expect sb. to do sth. 期望某人做某事forbid sb. to do sth. 禁止某人做某事

force sb. to do sth. 强迫某人做某事get sb. to do sth. 使(要)某人做某事

hate sb. to do sth. 讨厌某人做某事help sb. to do sth. 帮助某人做某事

intend sb. to do sth. 打算要某人做某事invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事

leave sb. to do sth. 留下某人做某事like sb. to do sth. 喜欢某人做某事

mean sb. to do sth. 打算要某人做某事need sb. to do sth. 需要某人做某事

oblige sb. to do sth. 迫使某人做某事order sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事

permit sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事persuade sb. to do sth. 说服某人做某事

prefer sb. to do sth. 宁愿某人做某事request sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事

remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事teach sb. to do sth .教某人做某事

tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事train sb. to do sth. 训练某人做某事

trouble sb. to do sth. 麻烦某人做某事want sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事

warn sb. to do sth. 警告某人做某事wish sb. to do sth. 希望某人做某事

三、注:不要受汉语意思的影响而误用以下动词句型:

汉语的“原谅某人做某事”,英语可说成excuse [forgive] sb. for doing sth.。

汉语的“希望某人做某事”,英语可说成wish sb. to do sth.。

汉语的“建议某人做某事”,英语可说成advise sb. to do sth.。

汉语的“安排某人做某事”,英语可说成arrange for sb. to do sth.。

汉语的“要求某人做某事”,英语可说成demand of sb. to do sth.。

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